In XVIII and in the first half of the XIX century the vast majority of the European researchers of antiquity considered mythical narrations and contents of Ancient Greek epic poems as purely fantastic. But now thanks to archaeological opening this opinion does not correspond to modern scientific views.
Like legends and legends of antiquity: Ancient Greek myths were filled with legends about the real historical events which are been the basis for a plot of epic poems over time (“û”,”è”,”è”,”è”, etc.), peculiar reflecting the phenomena of that natural and public environment in which they arose.
On the plots borrowed from the Greek mythology V. Shakespeare's play "Troilus and Kressida", the poem "Venus and Adonis" is written. Names of mythological heroes meet and in many other works of Shakespeare.
Acquaintance to the maintenance of antique mythology not only broadens horizons, but at the same time brings also hudozhestvennoestetichesky pleasure to the reader. In due time Marx wrote: "The man will not be able to turn again into the child, without falling into childishness. But unless he is not pleased by naivety of the child?. And why the childhood of human society where it developed everything more perfectly, should not possess for us an eternal charm, very not repeating step? There are ill-bred children and senile clever children. Many of the ancient people belong to this category. Greeks were normal children. Charm which is possessed for us by their art, does not contradict that step at which it grew".
In the XVII-XVIII centuries loan of plots from Ancient Greek mythology by figures of the European art was widely adopted. On the plots taken from Ancient Greek mythology outstanding Flemish, French, Dutch artists painted pictures: Rubens ("Perseus and Andromeda", "Venus and Adonis"), Van Dyck ("Mars and Venus"), Rembrandt ("Danaya, "the Head of the Pallada of Athena"), Poussin ("An echo and the Narcissus", "The nymph and satires", "A landscape with Polyphemus", "A landscape with Heracles", etc.), Bouchez ("Apollon and Dafna") - and many others.
Rome, having apprehended the Greek mythology and having turned it in Greek-Roman, rendered to mankind huge service. The matter is that the majority of ingenious works of the Greek sculptors reached our time only in the Roman copies, with rare exception. And if now our contemporaries can judge the remarkable fine arts of Greeks, but they have to be grateful for it to Romans. As well as that the Roman poet Publy Ovidy Nazon in the poem "Metamorphoses" kept for us all whimsical and freakish and at the same time such touching creations of the light Greek genius in the spontaneity - the people in which art "found expression in all the charm and the unaffected truth a charm of the human childhood".
From these legends also derived aeda plots for the songs. It is quite possible that one of aed known under a name of Homer created "Eliada" and "Odyssey". Illiteracy of the poet could not prevent his creativity. The tradition of unwritten, oral poetic creativity remained till XX century. Such is there was Jambyl and Suleyman Stalsky's poetic creativity. M. Gorky named not incidentally last "Homer of the XX century".